|Oct. 20, 2018 | www.fisherphillips.com|
The state legislature recently enacted the Nevada Pregnant Workers’ Fairness Act (NPWFA) to expand the scope of protection for employees and applicants. The NPWFA is based on the federal Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), and is also strongly influenced by the American with Disabilities Act (ADA). It applies to employers in the state with 15 or more employees, as well as to state and local governments. Although many portions of the Act are not effective until October 1, 2017, the notice provisions took effect on June 2. If you are not yet familiar with this new law, the time to educate yourself is now.
Although the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) already protects nursing mothers from employment discrimination and retaliation while requiring employers to provide them with reasonable break time and a private space to express breast milk, Nevada has taken things a step further. The state just enacted a broad new nursing mothers law for all public and private employers, other than the Department of Corrections, certain small employers, and certain licensed contractors.
The Nevada Supreme Court has long recognized the legality of non-compete agreements between employers and employees. Recently, however, the Nevada state legislature updated the rules on non-compete agreements, specifying how employers should draft their provisions and preventing employers from restricting former employees from providing services to customers or clients. If you use a non-compete agreement in Nevada, it is critical to review that agreement and determine if revisions are necessary.
Many legitimate reasons exist to explain differences in compensation within a company, such as job qualifications and prior experience. Although employers may wish to maintain the privacy of this information, they could face legal consequences if they prevent employees from discussing their wages. Under the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), employers cannot discriminate against non-supervisory employees when they discuss their wages as part of a “concerted activity,” regardless of whether they are unionized. Similarly, in 2014, the Obama administration issued an executive order prohibiting discrimination from federal contractors against employees or applicants who inquire about, discuss, or disclose their wages.
By the turn of the New Year, employers in Nevada will have an obligation to provide workplace protections to domestic violence victims, including time off from work. Starting January 1, 2018, Nevada employees will be entitled to leave above and beyond what may already be owed to them under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). Employers should begin preparing for this change to the law, revising policies, practices, and training sessions to reflect the change.