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Posts in Europe.

When is the last time your company reviewed its data protection policies? If your company employs any international employees, it may have obligations under foreign laws to have specific safeguards in place. Failure to observe a jurisdiction’s data protection laws can result in staff penalties and unwelcome press coverage. Although the European Union is leading the way with a proposed comprehensive new data protection law, other countries from ...

For more than 1,000 years, the Roma (still more commonly known in the English-speaking world as “Gypsies,” although this term is now outdated and considered to be derogatory) have lived on the fringes of the societies of the European nations in which they reside. This is true in spite of the fact that the Roma, also known as the Romani, are the single largest minority group in Europe. Indeed, in some countries Roma (which for the purposes of this article ...

France, the largest country in Western Europe, with a population of approximately 64 million people, and which borders eight different countries plays an integral role in Europe and the worldwide market. Given its central geographic location, highly developed infrastructure and qualified workforce, many companies around the world have chosen to do business in France. However, it is imperative that companies who are already doing business in ...

Turkey’s decades-long quest for membership into the European Union has been the impetus of many rapid and “modernizing” changes throughout this ancient country, pushing it ever closer to its European neighbors relative to its laws, economy and politics. This transformation, in reality nearly a century in the making since the founding of modern Turkey in 1923, has accelerated in the two decades since Turkey applied for membership in the ...

Since its declaration of independence in 1991, which precipitated the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Croatia has had a difficult path transitioning to a market economy. Now, Croatia is set to become the newest member of the European Union in July 2013, provided its accession treaty is ratified by the other 27 member countries. As part of Yugoslavia prior to 1991, about three-quarters of Croatia’s labor force was employed in the public sector, largely ...

Employers with operations in a country that is a member of the European Union (EU) should be well versed with EU Directives, as well as the specific country’s own domestics laws related to the EU Directive. There are a total of twenty-seven (27) countries that are EU member states. EU Directives set out the policy objectives and goals that need to be attained by the Member nation-states within a certain time frame. The Member states must then pass their own ...

In February of 2012, the Spanish government introduced drastic labor reforms known as Royal Decree Law 3/ 2012 (“Reform Law”) in the hopes of improving an ailing economy and reducing Spain’s sky-high unemployment rate which has reached a staggering 23%. The reforms specifically focused on promoting employment for the youth, providing employers with more flexibility in managing its workforce and cutting the cost of terminating workers. On ...

Ukraine, which has been independent from the Soviet Union since 1991, is the second largest contiguous country in Europe. Since 1991, Ukraine has been transitioning to a market economy, although progress has been slow, and was further delayed by the global recession in 2008. Nevertheless, Ukraine is an important consumer and supplier in the global market, and is strategically located in eastern Europe, bordering the Russian Federation, Belarus ...

This is the sixth article in a series about Central and East European employment law issues.

Since 1990, Poland has been steadily transitioning to a liberalized economy, and although progress has been rocky at times, Poland stands out as a bright spot among its fellow transitional economies. Poland still struggles with rigid labor and employment laws, low-level corruption, and creaky infrastructure, but boasts an educated workforce, and according ...

In the face of a growing economic crisis, a 23% unemployment rate and an unemployment rate of 50% affecting the youth, the Spanish Parliament recently passed drastic reforms relevant to Spanish labor law known as Royal Decree Law 3/2012 (“Spanish Labor Reforms”). The enactment of these reforms will make it easier and cheaper for employers to lay off workers, will provide incentives for employers to hire younger workers, and is expected to increase ...

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