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This article is the third in a series which provides a brief overview of the some of the key elements of employment law in Italy. This article will cover terminations, including a summary of the sources of law governing terminations, the types of dismissals permitted under the law, notice provisions and other procedures applicable to terminations and the manner in which employees can contest a termination decision. Given the intricacies and constant ...

This article is the second in a series which provides a brief overview of the some of the key elements of employment law in Italy. This article will focus on the specific laws prohibiting discrimination and harassment in the workplace and potential employer liability for violations of those laws.

I. Laws Prohibiting Discrimination and Harassment.

There are several different sources of law in Italy which prohibit discrimination in the workplace. The ...

Italy, with a population of over 60 million, is one of the top ten largest economies in the world. There are many benefits to doing business in Italy, including its favorable geographic location and flexible and diverse economy. However, any employer currently doing business in Italy or who is considering doing so must be aware of the array of laws governing the employer-employee relationship including, but not limited to, the Constitution, the Civil ...

Since the tragic collapse of a factory building in Dhaka, Bangladesh in April of 2013, which resulted in the death of over 1,000 workers in the clothing industry, the Bangladeshi government has adopted a number of amendments to the Bangladesh Labor Act of 2006 (“Labor Act”) in an attempt to better conform with international labor standards applicable to workplace safety, freedom of association and collective bargaining.

The amendments ...

Venezuela’s new labor law referred to as the Organic Law of Labor and Workers (“LOTTT”), became effective May 7, 2013. LOTTT establishes several critical labor reforms relevant to wage and hour requirements, maternity leave and pension requirements. All employers who are doing business in Venezuela or who are considering doing business in Venezuela should familiarize themselves with the specific provisions of LOTTT and review their current ...

The United Kingdom (“UK”), comprised of England, Northern Ireland, Wales and Scotland, has a population of over 62 million people, is culturally diverse and remains one of leading financial and service centers of the world. It is often considered the entry way to the rest of Europe and is a major international trading power. For these reasons, many companies decide to do business in the UK. This article will provide a brief overview of some of the basic ...

France, the largest country in Western Europe, with a population of approximately 64 million people, and which borders eight different countries plays an integral role in Europe and the worldwide market. Given its central geographic location, highly developed infrastructure and qualified workforce, many companies around the world have chosen to do business in France. However, it is imperative that companies who are already doing business in ...

Portugal, a country with a population of over ten million people, like many European countries, has suffered a serious economic crisis that has resulted in a 15% unemployment rate across the country and a 78 billion-euro bailout in 2011 from the European Union and the International Monetary Fund. Portugal, a European Union member since 1986, and a founding member of the euro zone1, was the third country, following Ireland and Greece to require a ...

In February of 2012, the Spanish government introduced drastic labor reforms known as Royal Decree Law 3/ 2012 (“Reform Law”) in the hopes of improving an ailing economy and reducing Spain’s sky-high unemployment rate which has reached a staggering 23%. The reforms specifically focused on promoting employment for the youth, providing employers with more flexibility in managing its workforce and cutting the cost of terminating workers. On ...

In the face of a growing economic crisis, a 23% unemployment rate and an unemployment rate of 50% affecting the youth, the Spanish Parliament recently passed drastic reforms relevant to Spanish labor law known as Royal Decree Law 3/2012 (“Spanish Labor Reforms”). The enactment of these reforms will make it easier and cheaper for employers to lay off workers, will provide incentives for employers to hire younger workers, and is expected to increase ...

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